Scientists sequence a whole genome to identify a plant species within hours

In a paper published today in Scientific Reports , researchers at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, detail for the first time the opportunities for plant sciences that are now available with portable, real-time DNA sequencing.

Licorice Is a Hot Trend in Hot Flashes, but Could Interact with Medications

Licorice roots have a diverse and flavorful history, having been used in ancient Egyptian times as a tea and in traditional Chinese medicines, all the way to today as a flavoring agent and as an ingredient in some licorice candies. Some women now take licorice extracts as supplements to treat hot flashes and other menopausal symptoms. But scientists caution that the substance could pose a health risk by interacting with medications.

Smart Label Could One Day Let You Know When to Toss Food and Cosmetics (Video)

Newswise image Detecting food and cosmetic spoilage and contamination. Identifying new medicinal plants in a remote jungle. Authenticating tea and wine. Scientists have developed a low-cost, portable, paper-based sensor that can potentially carry out all of these functions with easy-to-read results.

Sopping Up Sunblock From Oceans to Save Coral Reefs (Video)

Newswise imageCoral reefs can't seem to catch a break. Not only are rising temperatures wreaking havoc with their environment, but emerging evidence suggests that a certain sunblock component in many lotions that may help protect humans from developing skin cancer is a coral killer. Now, researchers have developed a biodegradable bead that can soak up the sunblock ingredient, oxybenzone, like a thirsty sea sponge. They hope to use the agent to clean up seawater at beaches.

Clay-Based Antimicrobial Packaging Keeps Food Fresh

Newswise imageSometimes it seems as if fresh fruits, vegetables and meats go bad in the blink of an eye. Consumers are left feeling frustrated, often turning to less expensive processed foods that last longer but are less nutritious. Now scientists report that they have developed a packaging film coated with clay nanotubes packed with an antibacterial essential oil.

Avocado Seed Husks Could Be a Gold Mine of Medicinal and Industrial Compounds

Newswise imageThe least appreciated part of an avocado could soon undergo a trash-to-treasure transformation. In a first-of-its-kind study, scientists report that avocado seed husks, which are usually discarded along with the seed, are hidden gold mines packed with a previously unrecognized plethora of chemical compounds. They say these compounds could eventually be used to treat a host of debilitating diseases, as well as to enhance the allure of cosmetics, perfumes and other consumer goods.

Remarkable Artistry Hidden in Ancient Roman Painting Revealed

Newswise imageMolten lava, volcanic ash, modern grime, salt, humidity. The ancient painting of a Roman woman has been through it all, and it looks like it. Scientists now report that a new type of high-resolution X-ray technology is helping them discover just how stunning the original portrait once was, element-by-element. The technique could help conservators more precisely restore this image, as well as other ancient artworks.

New Vaccine Could Someday Fight the Effects of Opioid Combinations

Substance abuse is a continuing problem in the U.S., particularly with heroin and other opioids, to the point of being an epidemic. Treatments exist, but far too often patients relapse with devastating impacts on themselves and those around them. Now, scientists report that they have made progress toward a vaccine against the effects of fentanyl, a synthetic opioid, in combination with heroin.

Nepal Picks ‘White Sun’ as Oscars Contender

Nepal’s Oscar selection committee has unanimously chosen Deepak Rauniyar’s multi award-winning “White Sun” (“Seto Surya”) as the country’s entry in the foreign language category. A portrait of post-civil war Nepal during the fragile deadlocked peace process, the film has had considerable festival play. It debutes in Venice’s Horizons strand and went to Toronto, Busan, Singapore,... Read more »

Elon Musk joins more than 100 tech bosses calling for ban on killer robots

Elon Musk joins more than 100 tech bosses calling for ban on killer robotsMore than 100 leading artificial intelligence experts are calling on the United Nations to prevent the development and use of killer robots.

BBC to Air Harry Styles Special in November

Harry Styles is to be the subject of the latest one-off entertainment special from the BBC, following in the footsteps of singers Adele and Michael Buble. “Harry Styles at the BBC” will see the former One Direction star perform tracks before a live studio audience from his bestselling self-titled debut solo album, as well as... Read more »

League Cup draw to be held at 04:15 BST on Thursday - in China

The EFL Cup third-round draw will take place in Beijing on Thursday at 04:15 BST.

Scientists have synthesized new liquid-crystalline photochrom

Chemists at the Lomonosov Moscow State University, in collaboration with Czech partners, have synthesized and studied new liquid-crystal photochromic polymers. These polymers combine optical properties of liquid crystals with mechanical properties of polymers. They quickly change molecular orientation under the influence of external fields and form coatings, films and details of complex shape. An important advantage of such systems in comparison with low-molecular-mass liquid crystals is that at room temperature, liquid-crystal polymers exist in a glass-like state, with fixed molecular orientation.

Kim Wall died in accident on submarine, says Peter Madsen

Danish inventor Peter Madsen has said he "buried" missing reporter Kim Wall at sea, police say.

Identifying individual atmospheric equatorial waves from a total flow field

Owing to the opposite vertical orientation with respect to the plane of Earth's rotation across the equator from the Southern Hemisphere to Northern Hemisphere, the equator serves as a waveguide that houses all kinds of atmospheric waves propagating along the west-east direction, which are referred to as "equatorial waves." Equatorial waves are generated from spatially non-uniform diabatic heating fields, including latent heating releases from convective storms. These equatorial waves in turn initiate and organize new convections as they propagate out of their genesis locations, triggering a new set of equatorial waves propagating both eastwards and westwards along the equator. As a result, equatorial waves play important roles in organizing large-scale circulation disturbances and regulating large-scale diabatic heating patterns in tropics.

A map of the cell's power station

Mitochondria are the cell's power stations; they transform the energy stored in nutrients for use by cells. If this function is disturbed, mitochondrial diseases can develop that often affect organs that have a high metabolism, like the brain or the heart. The research labs at the University of Freiburg led by Prof. Dr. Chris Meisinger and Dr. Nora Vögtle successfully mapped the landscape of proteins in the subcompartments of mitochondria for the first time. They published their research in the scientific journal Nature Communications.

Oil prices fall after rally encourages profit-taking

Oil prices fall after rally encourages profit-takingOil prices fell on Monday as a rally at the end of last week prompted investors to close positions at a higher price, against a backdrop of signs the global market is starting to rebalance. Benchmark Brent crude futures were down 15 cents at $52.57 a barrel at 1214 GMT, after surging more than 3 percent in the previous session. U.S. West Texas Intermediate crude futures traded at $48.50 a barrel, down 1 cent. The contract had also risen 3 percent in the previous session.

Grimsby Town fans 'had to show bras' to Stevenage security

Grimsby Town fans were "treated as animals" by security staff at a League Two match, it is claimed.

Steve Wozniak to Speak at Tokyo Comic-Con in December

Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, one of the driving forces behind the establishment of Comic-con in Japan last year, is scheduled to speak at the second Tokyo Comic Convention in December. Last year’s event drew more than 35,000 people. Organizers expect a bigger turnout this year. Wozniak teamed up with Stan Lee to start up Comic-Con... Read more »

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